Posterior Cruciate Ligament
The posterior cruciate ligament is situated in the back of the knee. It is one of the important ligaments that connect the thigh bone which is called femur to the shinbone which is called Tibia. While the ACL helps in the prevention your thigh bone (femur) from moving too far forward likewise the PCL helps in the prevention of your shin bone (tibia) from moving too far backward. The PCL is not a well-known injury because it is not injured as frequently as the ACL. However, PCL injuries should be taken seriously as it is the condition of the ligament can damage the stability of the knee.
An injury to the posterior cruciate ligament requires powerful stress. One of the major cause of PCL injuries is a bent knee hitting so hard on something or it can be a case where a football player falling down with a bent knee.
Symptoms of PCL Tears
As we have mentioned above that PCL injuries is more likely to ACL injuries and the most common symptoms of PCL injury areas similar to the symptoms of ACL injuries.
- Pain in knees,
- normal swelling and
- facing problem while walking
Pain: – the pain can be from slight to unbearable in the knee while it depends upon the severity of the PCL injury. From the condition of slight pain, it may take you the condition where you will even face problems while walking.
Swelling: – This may be very common in another knee injury as well but in case of PCL injury you can notice the rapid swelling in your knee area just within hours of the injury.
Instability:- this can be the symptoms which will let you confirm the PCL injury happened or not, you can feel your knees become softer from earlier and you will feel that it will break eventually.
Causes of PCL injuries
While looking for the causes of this injury we have found that it may cause any physical discomfort or any genes disorder. If there is someone in your family background suffered from any knee injury in early age then it may possible to transfer of this defect to the upcoming member through genes. If your elder or parents don’t have strong knees then it may discomfort you as well.
Any injury or accidents: – It may happen due to any heavy injury through an accident. Just in the case while driving the car if there is somehow car get collide with any other then, in that case, your knees which are bent while driving car goes straight to the dashboard. So this kind of PCL injuries may injure your PCL ligaments.
People who indulge in sports activities are most likely to injure their PCL. People who play games like football and soccer can injure their posterior cruciate ligament if they fall with the bent knee on the floor. In this situation, the shinbone gets hits with the floor first and then it goes backward.
How PCL injury can be diagnosed?
First, your physician suggest you normal physical examination in which your doctor might press on your knee to check the intensity of injury, also he will check the smoothness of bone or fluid in the joint from bleeding. Your doc may also move your knee in different positions and also ask you to stand and walk. The main motive of your doc will compare your injured knee with the healthy one to look for any abnormal activity in your injured knee.
Apart from this physical examination, your doctor may suggest one or more of the following imaging tests:
X-ray: – In this X-ray test your doc can’t detect ligament or PCL damage, it is just to check any bone fractures. In the condition of PCL, it might happen that sometimes there is a small break in a small chunk of bone, attached to the ligament which gets free from the main bone.
MRI scan: – this is one of the painless procedures in which there are radio waves and a strong magnetic field which create computer images of the tiny tissues of your knee. With the help of an MRI scan, the doc can clearly able to show a posterior cruciate ligament injury and also show if there is any other injury in knee ligaments.
Arthroscopy: – It can show you all the clear image of the severity of injury in your knee, your doc can use this procedure called arthroscopy to have a look inside your knee joint. It is a surgical procedure in which doc will put a tiny video camera into your knee joint through a small incision. And with the help of this, it is visible to see the clear image inside of the joint on a computer monitor screen.
Treatment of PCL injuries
There is not any exact treatment of PCL injuries while it depends upon the size of your injury and either it is just occurring or if you’ve had it for long. In most of the PCL injury cases, surgery isn’t required.
Medications: – With the help of some medication such as pain relievers, your doc can provide you some pain reliever such as ibuprofen, Advil, Motrin IB and others which can help in relieving the pain and reduce swelling.
Therapy: – Your doc can also suggest you keep a physical therapist which can teach you exercises that will help in the curing of your knee and improve its function and stability. One of the major equipment in this therapy method is you have to keep knee brace during your rehabilitation.
Surgery: – if none of the above treatment has worked on you then the final thing calls you to have to take is your knee surgery. Or maybe in case, your damage is intense especially when it is combined with any other knee ligaments injury or any broken bone then it may need surgery to cure that ligament. You may also require surgical treatment if you are not getting results even with the proper appropriate rehabilitation.
Consult from the best doctor for a ligament tear in Delhi.