9 Recommendations To Improve The Way Your Students Reading
To develop new learning, to enhance creativity and imagination, to constantly learn and access
knowledge in many ways; for this and much more, reading is an essential tool. We read to learn, to enjoy, to understand the world in a different way, but without an adequate reading comprehension, the contribution of the letters can vanish. Many teachers constantly design strategies to approach their students to reading in a different way and it is a priority to continue doing so to reach the level of reading they need, not only for school but also for life. The Agency for the Quality of Education in Chile It has been working for some years to make available to the school communities tools that contribute to the improvement of reading, or in other words, to the improvement of strategies that allow students to read better. Among those tools is a list of practical recommendations that you can start implementing in your classroom right now:
1. The purpose
Since reading is a construction of many meanings, it is important to promote it with a clear and limited purpose.
It is essential to create reading opportunities from the beginning, since the children are small. This can be done through words that you know and find significant. It is proven, they say in the agency, that knowledge of letters and the development of phonological awareness is positively influenced if words are known.
3. Develop fluency
Do not forget to work with students on different levels of text comprehension and give them opportunities to develop their readingfluency. The decoding by itself does not ensure the understanding of what is read”, is explained in the platform of the agency. “For this, it is important to have spaces for oral reading guided by the teacher, where children can listen (and understand) what they are saying.”
Ask questions before, during and after reading to identify explicit information in the text and make inferences (predict, hypothesize, make relationships between information, etc.), make evaluations, comments or establish another relationship with the text.
5. Explicit strategies
Explicitly teach strategies of reading comprehension so that your students can apply them in evaluation processes where they have to show if they really understood the text. Some of these can be: predict, visualize what is read, make connections with what they know, synthesize, among others. For this it is important that the teacher first model the application of the strategy out loud. Then you can allow them to apply them with support, so that later, gradually, they can do it alone.
It is important to know that vocabulary is the most important predictor of reading comprehension, therefore, it is key to encourage conversations around a collective reading, where students have opportunities to participate and hear a specific, precise and varied language regarding the topics That they are working.
Increase the variety of texts. Not only in terms of themes, but also formats and types (stories, poems, recipes, news, letters, encyclopedias, etc.).
8. Interesting topics
The students should be interested. Then, consider topics that they actually enjoy. These must also contain, at least one element that relates to something that seems familiar. It is also important to give space for them to choose what they want to read.
As a last point, the agency highlights the importance of generating a culture of reading and writing within schools. “Studies show that children who grow up in contexts where they read with others or see them read and talk about reading, usually have more motivation to read.” In this sense, teachers and different actors in educational communities can contribute by generating this context, for example, being an example to follow.